Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit
Poncho, Jesuit


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Collection Tier:
Tier 2

Central American ➔ Poncho, Jesuit

Identifier:
176629
Description:
Poncho with greeen, purple, and pink stripped designs. The corners are turned up to fit the European riding style of the time. Along he edges are purple and green fringes.;Bought in California in 1847 by Capt. Eben Whittelsey.;This garment is a "Jesuit poncho," worn by European hacienda owners and priests of modern Peru's and Bolivia's Lake Titicaca region. They were made by American Indian men in obrajes, which were European-style workshops set up by early Jesuit missionaries in order to teach indigenous people European trades. Locals wove these ponchos from wool that was spun up to 16 times, and colored with vegetal dyes. They were most often sold to Jesuits themselves, due to their mix of European and traditional styles--hence the name. The corners were turned up, and the garments were usually worn while riding. This example was brought to the United States in 1847, but was almost certainly made in the late 18th century or early 19th century. The reddish-purple dye on this finely-woven poncho was made from cochineal, which comes from the female Dactylopius coccus, a mealworm-like insect that feeds on the prickly pear cactus (Opuntia engelmannii). In the 1500s and 1600s, the Spanish exported great quantities of the insect to Europe, where the dye was used to produced deep scarlets and purples--including the famous red coats of the British army. It was valued highly, as over 70,000 insects were needed to make one pound of cochineal.
Date:
late 18th century - early 19th century
Materials:
Cochineal, Wool (cochineal), Vegetal Dye
Dimensions:
32" h 32" w
Current Location Status:
On Exhibit
Source:
Gift Of Norris, Abbott
Rights:

Exhibit/Program
Fashion + Nature (April 2022 – April 2024)
Fashion + Nature examines the relationships between the natural world and the fashion industry. Clothing has long been produced with natural materials and inspired by the beauty and diversity of the natural world, but the fashion industry has had a largely negative impact on the environment. This exhibit showcases a wide variety of captivating scientific specimens and fascinating garments, to illustrate their relationship to each other and their interconnected histories. Fashion + Nature aims to inspire and educate visitors, encouraging us to become better consumers and reduce the harmful impacts of the fashion industry.
Maker/Donor
Abbott Norris